Major mental illnesses can be recognized years before symptoms appear: What a new study says

In what appears to be groundbreaking mental health research, a new study has revealed that the risk of major mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder may be identified years before it actually appears, potentially allowing it to be prevented. The Health Research Council funded study, which was led by University College Dublin, found that 50% of those who developed these mental health problems had used the services of Specialized Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS), the news agency. Ani said the report.

Professor Ian Kelleher, of the UCSD School of Medicine, led the international study conducted in collaboration with the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, and the results are published in the Journal of World Psychiatry. Prof Kelleher told the findings that the findings suggest the potential for early intervention and even prevention (THL), “Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder generally appear in early adulthood and can be extremely harmful to both affected people and their families. Our data shows that half of those who have experienced these disorders They sought help from CAMHS at some point during their childhood, usually years before they developed schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.”

Professor Kelleher noted, “These findings demonstrate the tremendous opportunities to provide early intervention, even during childhood, through the development of specialized early intervention services within existing CAMHS, which we know are essential to improving outcomes for people with serious mental illness.” “

The importance of early intervention in the prevention of mental health diseases:

It is worth noting that approximately 65 million people worldwide suffer from significant mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, both diseases often associated with significant degrees of disability and individual and social costs, and are usually diagnosed in adulthood. Interestingly, it is well established that early intervention improves outcomes for those with these conditions.

The authors of the new study followed everyone born in 1987 throughout childhood and adolescence to determine whether they had attended CAMHS between the ages of birth and 17, using Finland’s top-ranked health care registries. The researchers were then able to track all of these people up to age 28 and determine who went on to receive a diagnosis of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder using distinct patient identifiers, the report said.

The new research found that the likelihood of developing psychosis or bipolar illness at age 28 for people who did not see mental health and psychiatric services was 1.8%, while the risk was 15% for those who attended CAMHS and 37% for people who underwent treatment at Outpatient clinics. They were admitted to a CAMHS hospital for inpatient teens, according to the report.

Professor Micah Gessler, THL, stated, “This research demonstrates the power of electronic health care records to answer critical issues related to human health and disease. It shows how health care record data can be used to better understand the pathways of serious mental illness, from childhood to adulthood, and to identify opportunities critical for early intervention.

Prof. Ian Kelleher stressed the importance of early intervention, saying: “Ideally, we would like to be able to intervene even before a disease appears to prevent it completely. We know that it is necessary to intervene as soon as possible to prevent some of the worst effects of these diseases. These results show the potential for intervention. Much earlier than we are doing now, even in childhood and adolescence, to stop the emergence of these acute mental illnesses.”

(with input from ANI)

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