Hong Kong – Two and a half years after Strict epidemic controlsSome of the last strongholds in Asia are opening their borders, and they’re moving in. boost their economies And play catch up with the world that has largely learned to live with Covid.
Hong Kong said on Friday it would scrap the mandatory hotel quarantine for people coming into the city starting next week, following a similar move by Taiwan. Japan said it will scrap the daily limit on the number of arrivals and open its doors fully to tourists on October 11.
This week’s series of moves has left just one country under tight border controls: China, where the ruling Communist Party still clings tozero covidPolicies. Those who travel to China, the majority of whom are residents, still face 10 days of quarantine at their own expense.
When the pandemic spread across the world in early 2020, many governments in Asia rushed to close their borders, with most places shutting down to any non-resident. Reopening has been an arduous and slow process, with officials concerned about the vulnerability of their older residents and fearing their health systems would collapse.
But isolation is becoming more and more difficult to bear, especially since most of the world has completely reopened. Isolated from big-spending tourists and facing economic headwinds, business leaders have put increasing pressure on officials in Japan, Hong Kong and Taiwan to rethink their policies.
Over the past two years, Japan and Hong Kong have missed hosting major global gatherings, the kind that are central to their identity as important hubs in the region.
The Tokyo Olympics, originally scheduled for August 2020, were held a year later, but only for domestic viewers. Big and fun Hong Kong events like Art Basel, Rugby Sevens and regional financial conferences have been canceled as the city remains closed to non-residents.
The perspective of the pandemic is shifting. Although Covid cases are on the rise in many parts of Asia, hospitalizations and deaths have declined as recent strains of Covid-19 have proven milder. In many places, authorities have tolerated higher numbers of cases as vaccination rates increased.
Last week, the head of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, He said That the end of the pandemic was “on the horizon”, underscoring the collective willingness of many governments to begin envisioning a world beyond Covid-19.
“I am aware of the fact that while we need to control the spread of Covid, we also need to make sure that there will be maximum activities in the community and economic activities for the community to carry on,” John Lee, Hong Kong’s top commander, said this week ahead of the relaxation of rules on Friday.
It was the strongest admission yet that the strict rules, closely linked to China’s epidemic policy, came at a cost that officials were no longer willing to bear.
Hong Kong has had one of the strictest quarantine requirements for most of the pandemic, with 21 days of mandatory hotel quarantine for arrivals at some point. On Friday, officials announced a new policy that will go into effect next week, which will only require visitors to do several days of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing and health monitoring.
Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida has acknowledged the importance of international tourists to the country’s survival.
“People all over the world have been asking ‘when can we travel to Japan,’” Mr. Kishida said Wednesday, before the new rules were announced, according to NHK public broadcaster. “Now, I hope they plan to visit Japan and sample Japanese cuisine.”
In Taiwan, President Tsai Ing-wen said people are willing to reconnect with the rest of the world.
“It has finally come to the end of the epidemic,” Ms Tsai wrote on her Facebook page. “Now, we must do our best to revive tourism, stimulate the economy, and lead the Taiwanese economy to develop by leaps and bounds.”
With borders restricted, tourism has been slow to return in most parts of the region. Hong Kong was once a major aviation hub, “virtually off the map now,” Willie Walsh, director general of the International Air Transport Association, said last April. Hong Kong International Airport mentioned Only 5,080 passenger flights in August, compared to 30,000 passenger flights in the same month in 2019.
In 2019, Japan received about $46.1 billion from outbound tourism, according to the Japan External Trade Organization. Almost all of that disappeared after the pandemic started.
Before its latest move, Japan tried on and off and started to revive tourism. In June, the government changed border rules, allowing tourists who agreed to participate in guided tours booked through travel agencies. In September, it changed the rules again, but kept visitors on strict restrictions.
Things got off to a slow start: Only 12,405 tourists entered the country in June, according to government data.
The reopening of Japan could unleash a flood of pent-up travel demand, providing a much-needed boost to the country’s travel and hospitality sectors. Nearly 32 million international tourists visited Japan in 2019, three times the number six years ago, according to government data.
But inbound tourism is unlikely to approach pre-pandemic levels anytime soon. Chinese visitors, who made up about 30 percent of inbound traffic to Japan in 2019, are severely restricted in their ability to travel under Beijing’s strict COVID-19 policies.
Domestically, Japan plans to encourage tourism by offering government-subsidized discounts to Japanese residents in hotels, restaurants and some types of entertainment, Mr. Kishida said. It is a revival of the plan, known as “go to travel”, put forward by his predecessor in an effort to increase domestic tourism after it was wiped out in the early months of the pandemic.
Hong Kong will also find it difficult to recover quickly. It is stuck in a process of balancing the demands of Beijing, which has the final say on what the city does, and the international community. Therefore, it cannot reach its neighbors’ level of openness.
While the new rules represent a significant change, they will still prevent visitors from going to restaurants and bars during three days of mandatory health monitoring, raising questions about whether they will be enough to attract tourists coming for a short visit.
This approach will be tested in the coming weeks, when global bank chiefs are expected to meet at a summit billed as proof that Hong Kong still deserves its self-proclaimed title of “Asia’s Global City”. It will also host the fintech conference and the Rugby Sevens in November, an annual tournament that was one of the city’s biggest before the pandemic.
However, whether the mainland changes its strict rules will be even more important for the many small businesses that have become dependent on Chinese tourists.
“Politics won’t really help us because our business is largely influenced by mainland tourists, whose consumer power is stronger than those from Europe and America,” said Wang Tat, 50, who owns a seafood restaurant on Lamma Island that serves local delicacies. . Like fried crab with ginger and clams in black bean sauce.
“I expect more European and American tourists will come and our business will be better, but our revenue probably won’t go back to the pre-pandemic era,” Mr. Wang said, adding that he lost most of his business during the pandemic.
All Asian governments need economic assistance.
Japan’s economy is slowly starting to recover, as shoppers fill malls and families eat out. But snorkeling in yenwhich is hovering around its weakest in nearly 25 years, has been a pain for domestic consumers.
In Hong Kong, thousands of small businesses own They closed their doorsUnable to recover from several rounds of social distancing measures that forced restaurants and bars to stay closed for weeks or months. The crackdown, combined with the suppression of dissent in the former British colony, has prompted Hong Kong’s youth, expatriates and multinational corporations to leave the city permanently.
While the Taiwanese economy has remained relatively healthy thanks to the semiconductor industry, tourism has suffered. Taiwan limited arrivals during the pandemic, and for a while, non-residents weren’t able to go there at all. In 2019, 11.8 million tourists visited Taiwan, compared to 140,479 last year.
“The days of waiting to travel abroad are finally over,” said April Lin, 36, a Taiwanese tour guide in downtown Taichung. “It’s a much-needed rain for many in the tourism industry.”
Alexandra Stephenson I mentioned from Hong Kong and Ben Dooley from Tokyo. Hisako Ueno Reporting contributed from Tokyo, Zixu Wang from Hong Kong and Amy Chang Shen From Taipei, Taiwan.