Five Hong Kong speech therapists convicted of sedition over children’s books about wolves and sheep

The accusations center around a set of comic books that tell the stories of a village of sheep resisting a pack of wolves invading their home – a story that government prosecutors have claimed is meant to provoke contempt for the local government and the Chinese central government in Beijing.

In one book, wolves attempt to take over a village and eat the sheep, and in another book, 12 sheep are forced to leave their village after being targeted by wolves, which the court believed alluded to the case where 12 Hong Kong activists He attempted to flee the city to Taiwan as a fugitive, but was intercepted by Chinese law enforcement authorities.

In a ruling issued on Wednesday, a Hong Kong District Court judge sided with the prosecution, expressing his view that the images were related to events in the city, and finding that the authors had an intent to “bring hatred, contempt or indignation” against the local and central government, or both.

“By identifying the (People’s Republic of China) government as wolves…it will lead the children to believe that (the People’s Republic of China) government is coming to Hong Kong with evil intention to take their home and spoil their happy life with no right to do so whatsoever,” he wrote. Judge Kwok Wai Kin in a 67-page document outlining his thinking on the ruling.

“The book publishers clearly refuse to acknowledge that (China) has resumed exercise of sovereignty over (Hong Kong),” Kwok wrote in his ruling, referring to the transfer of Hong Kong, the former British colony, to Chinese rule in 1997.

The case has become a proxy for looming questions about the limits of free speech in the city, as it comes amid a larger crackdown on civil liberties as part of Beijing’s months-wide response. Anti-government protests in 2019.

Those protests, which erupted in response to a proposed bill that could send Hong Kong residents to trial for cross-border crimes, have morphed into a larger pro-democracy movement that has also been linked to popular concern about Beijing’s growing influence in the Arabian Peninsula. independent city.

Defense for the defendants, who were all members of the executive board of the dissolved General Federation of Speech Therapists of Hong Kong, argued that the charges against them were unconstitutional, as it interfered with their freedoms of expression protected under Hong Kong. Law.

But Kwok, who is also one of a small group of judges chosen by the city leader to hear cases related to national security, rejected the challenge, saying instead that limited restrictions on free speech are necessary to protect national security. and public order.

In a document outlining the reasons for the guilty verdict, Kwok disputed that the books were mere myths promoting universal values, another argument raised by the defense, citing an introduction in one of the books referring to an “anti-legislative movement” in 2019 and the “one country, two systems” mechanism governing Hong’s relationship Kong on the mainland.

The verdict is set to follow on Saturday, according to public broadcaster RTHK, which could see the defendants – who have been denied bail since their arrest in July 2021 – handed over to two years in prison. Laurie Lai, Melody Young, Sydney Ng, Samuel Chan and Marco Fong, ages 25 to 28, all pleaded not guilty.

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The case was brought into the public eye after their arrest, when the police accused the group in a tweet of “covering the illegal actions of protesters” and “glorifying fugitives”, with officials raising specific concerns given that the target audience was children. Beijing and local leaders sought to Encouraging national pride Among Hong Kong youth, including through the promotion of national education in the local curriculum.

The ruling was met with protest from human rights defenders. In a statement, Human Rights Watch accused the Hong Kong government of using the “extremely broad” “sedition act” to punish minor speech offenses.

“Hong Kong residents used to read about the absurd pursuit of people in mainland China for writing political symbols, but this is now happening in Hong Kong,” Maya Wang, senior China researcher at Human Rights Watch, said in a statement. “Hong Kong authorities must reverse this dramatic decline in freedoms and rescind the conviction of the five children’s book authors.”

In July, the UN Human Rights Committee called on Hong Kong to repeal the colonial-era sedition law, saying it was concerned about its use to restrict citizens.The legitimate right to freedom of expression. “

In its response, the government said that the use of the law “is not intended to silence the expression of any opinion that constitutes real criticism of the government based on objective facts.”

The law, part of the 1938 Crimes Ordinance that hasn’t been used for decades, has been revived along with Beijing’s introduction of the National Security Law to Hong Kong in 2020, which targets secession, subversion, and complicity with foreign forces and terrorist activities – with a maximum penalty of up to life in prison.

Last year, a court ruled that parts of the original sedition law referring to the king could be converted to references to the central government or the Hong Kong government. The conviction penalty is up to a maximum of two years.

Other recent cases included 75-year-old activist sentenced to nine months in prison for planning to protest the Winter Olympics in Beijing earlier this year. Last month, two men were arrested on suspicion of breaking the law in connection with a Facebook group they said they ran.

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