Cop26 One year later: How much progress has been made? | policeman 27

John Kerry, the US special presidential envoy on the climate crisis, coined the UN’s COP26 climate talks last year in Scotland as “the last best hope for the world to come together” and avert climate collapse. As world leaders meet Egypt For Cop27, the evidence suggests they haven’t fully done so yet.

The Glasgow conference drew collective promises from governments to gradually “cut down” coal use, reduce deforestation, make remedial payments to developing countries hardest hit by floods, heat waves and droughts, and return the following year with more ambitious emissions-reduction targets.

While the spread of clean energy may have averted a horrific climate collapse, with the world warming 4-5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial times, a series of United Nations reports have made it clear that the world is lagging badly in its efforts to reduce emissions, With “no reliable path” to avoid violating the agreed 1.5°C limit on global warming.

Cop27: The climate massacre we faced this year – VIDEO

This century, 2.5°C is likely under current pledges, a scenario that would bring, as the UN somberly stated, “endless suffering”. As climate talks begin in Sharm el-Sheikh this week, the results are worrisome.

“Last year has been a missed opportunity by many countries,” said David Wasco, director of the International Climate Initiative at the World Resources Institute. recommend Coal is being phased out six times faster than it currently is and people are not eating more meat than the equivalent of two burgers a week to help meet the 1.5°C goal.

“There is progress, but there is much more to be done, faster and deeper,” he said. “We are seeing progress in using renewables and electric vehicles – but even with those who are not on the right track. Everything needs to move with a faster clip.”

Wasskov said the world has been plunged into a “multiple crisis” of war and rising energy and food costs, as well as severe climate impacts, hampering any focus on global warming. “There has been some modest progress in reducing methane and deforestation since last year, but not as fast as I would like,” he said.

“I think there will be a lot of talk about the effects of climate in policeman 27 Because they’re in our faces now. There has to be an admission that we’re not going somewhere fun – 2.5 degrees Celsius wouldn’t be fun for anyone.”

Below, we look at five key pledges made at Cop26 and the progress that has been made toward achieving them.

emissions reductions

graphic policy pledges

Cop26 ended with an agreement that governments “reconsider and strengthen” their plans to reduce greenhouse emissions before the 2022 conference. According to the United Nations, only 24 out of 193 countries It has provided improved emissions reduction targets since then.

Global emissions must be halved by 2030 if there is any chance of avoiding 1.5°C or more of heating. However, in our current trajectory it is likely to rise by more than 10%, compared to 2010 levels.

Reaching net zero emissions

net map zero

Scientists have warned that by 2050, the world will have to completely eliminate its carbon emissions from electricity generation, transportation, industry, agriculture and other irreplaceable sources if catastrophic climate change is to be avoided.

A net zero future was officially adopted by 74 countries at Cop26. Since then, seven more, including Indonesia and the south AfricaThey have pledged to get to that point by mid-century.

Climate Finance

Climate finance fee

Since 2020, there has been a belated bill hanging over the leaders of rich countries. A total of $100 billion a year has been pledged to developing countries, many of which are struggling to adapt to the damage from the climate crisis and need help moving away from fossil fuels.

Despite the increased pressure at Cop26, which will likely happen again in Egypt, this overall goal was not achieved. A July report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development found that developed countries are still less than the target by about $17 billion. separate Analysis by Oxfam The most damning thing: Only $21 billion has been mobilized, and 70% of it has taken the form of loans, she says.

methane

methane drawing

At COP26, 103 countries pledged to collectively reduce methane emissions to 30% below 2020 levels by the end of the decade. Over the past year, 19 more countries have joined this agreement, which now covers half of global emissions of methane, a potent greenhouse gas emitted by agriculture and gas exploration. However, the challenge is very steep: The largest recorded increase in global methane levels It happened in 2021.

Elimination of Forests

deforestation fee

Forests are havens for biodiversity and are essential for carbon storage. In Glasgow, 145 countries promised to halt and reverse deforestation by 2030, and since then four more countries have joined the pledge. But the target is “hollow” based on current deforestation trends, with nearly 7 million hectares of forest destroyed in 2021, according to the Recent report authors.

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